Select Jurisdictions. = rājan 1, a king, sovereign, chief or best of its kind, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.] 162—175, 212 sq. √ Root Search | Word Frequency | Sandhi | Pāṇini Research Tool | Sanskrit OCR Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Raya … The term also became a modern name for ; Banerjea, Public Administration in A. I. Raja is an Indian or Malay princely title; Raj means 'rule.'. See under cakkavatti & ratana.—In a similar sense the term dhamma-rājā is used as Ep. [distich] 152, M.M. ), the dharma of the king was regarded as the "capstone" of the other castes' dharma both due to the king's goal of securing the happiness and prosperity of his people[24] as well as his ability to act as the "guarantor" of the whole social structure through the enforcement of daṇḍa. (b) rājā & mahāmatta. fifteenth day the kings themselves. rājānaṃ Vin. (ifc.) The title is equivalent to king or princely ruler in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. On the question of kingship in Ancient India see Zimmer, Altind. Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. (dhammikā & a°); J. IV, 495. prominent ranks as playing a rôle in the social life of the state, and which were formulated according to diff. || rāja (m.), king. 109, 3), and rājanya is an Ep. 22; VbhA. h(gemw/n) as seen fr. It is primarily an appellative (or title) of a khattiya, and often the two are used promiscuously. ...] 2. raja in [compound] for rajas. officers of the kings or “the king’s Guards. 3. rajā (रजा).—f Leave; leave of absence. 2. they have done evil. 4) Raja (रज).—One of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha by Ūrjā, the other six being Gotra, Ūrdhvabāhu, Savana, Anagha, Sutapas, and Śukra. rajña) Mhvs 6, 2; Acc. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles: Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha), Verse 8.336 < [Section XLIV - Robbery (sāhasa)], Verse 7.35 < [Section IV - Duties of the King], Verse 7.1 < [Section I - Important Position of the King (rājan)], Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal), Chapter 16 - Country of Ta-lo-pi-ch’a (Dravida) < [Book X - Seventeen Countries], Chapter 1 - Country of Mo-kie-t’o (Magadha), part 1 < [Book VIII and IX], Chapter 13 - Country of ’O-hi-chi-ta-lo (Ahikshetra) < [Book IV - Fifteen Countries], Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee), Part 17 - Chemists of the Metallic School: Nagarjuna < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine], Chapter 23 - Bhrama (vertigo), Nidra (sleeping disease), and Tandra (drowsiness), Blue Annals (deb-ther sngon-po) (by George N. Roerich), Chapter 9 - The Tibetan emperors prophesied in the Mūlatantra < [Book 1 - The beginning of the story of the Doctrine], Chapter 2 - The genealogy of Mahāsammata < [Book 1 - The beginning of the story of the Doctrine], Chapter 3c - The Life story of Lha rje zla ba'i 'od zer < [Book 4 - New Traditions of Secret Mantra], Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva), Vetāla 15: The Magic Pill < [Appendix 6.1 - The Twenty-five Tales of a Vetāla], Vetāla 23: The Hermit who first Wept and then Danced < [Appendix 6.1 - The Twenty-five Tales of a Vetāla], Vetāla 16: The Sacrifice of Jīmūtavāhana < [Appendix 6.1 - The Twenty-five Tales of a Vetāla], A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta), Part 13 - Mahat and Ahaṃkāra < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)], Part 11 - Prakṛti and its Evolution < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)], Part 10 - The Guṇas < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)], Cogprints: Concepts of Human Physiology in Ayurveda, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index, JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places, Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary, BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary, Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary, DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary, DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English, DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary. deva= king. Raja (रज).—[masculine] dust, the pollen of flowers, a man’s name. border, boundry or a limit of a country ... 10 seconds . University of Pennsylvania Studies on South Asia. It was also the king's duty to appoint judges that would decide cases with the same integrity as the king. [25], In contemporary India, an idea pervades various levels of Hindu society: the "Ramrajya", or a kind of Hindu Golden Age in which through his strict adherence to rajadharma as outline in the Hindu epics and elsewhere, Rama serves as the ideal model of the perfect Hindu king. The historical use of the term Rāja yoga is found in other contexts, quite different than its modern usage. ” We find it used as a designation of “king” in the sense of an elected or successory (crowned) monarch, but also in the meaning of a distinguished nobleman, or a local chieftain, or a prince with var. They report what they find at the assembly and tamas Blood. rāja Sn. 5. Dust, [Hitopadeśa] i. Menstruation occurs in females once in every month and lasts for about three days. Raja yoga is also referred to as Ashtanga yoga. raja (रज).—m (Radz. No, answers the Buddha, not even the Raja means King. 2) Raja (रज).—A Sage. khattiyā bhoja-rājāno the khattiyas, the (noble or lesser?) rājā (राजा).—m (S) A king, prince, potentate, sovereign. Just as all petty princes follow in the train of a ; Macdonell & Keith, Vedic Index II. Variant of RAJA … Fox Star Studios acquired the distribution rights of the film. Sri Mantra Raja Padam Sanskrit Text English Meaning – Take off with Natarajan. Meaning of the Sanskrit Word: raja rājā —the king Bg 1.2 , Bg 1.16-18 , SB 1.7.49 , SB 1.9.15 , SB 1.14.28-29 , SB 1.17.1 , SB 1.17.41 , SB 1.19.17 , SB 2.3.13 , SB 2.8.1 (and more...) This was achieved by punishing internal aggression, such as thieves among his people, and meeting external aggression, such as attacks by foreign entities. raja rani meaning in english 미분류. Oir. Rechtsbüchern (Leipzig 1895); Rh. Practice of Raja yoga helps one to achieve spiritual supremacy, which makes the practitioner the "king" of the mind and the world. 2. The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Raja] and plants and substances, with their various kinds. raññe PvA. scheme: (a) (based on mythological views: the king as representing the deity, cp. [5] Moreover, the king possessed executive, judicial, and legislative dharmas, which he was responsible for carrying out. A. IV, 242. Just as raja is the highest rank of the state, Raja yoga ranks highest among the four paths of yoga and is also called the royal path. See also below 3. Pasenadi asks the Buddha if there is any born thing Raja What does the name Raja mean? A.i.142f. Rāja (राज).—[-rāja], a substitute for rājan, when latter part of comp. While most of the Hindu salute states were ruled by a Maharaja (or variation; some promoted from an earlier Raja- or equivalent style), even exclusively from 13 guns up, a number had Rajas : Rajadharma is the dharma which applies to the king, or the Raja. . Yes, we are blessed to have lord narasimha as our ishta deva III, 43; J. V, 444; DhA. The pollen of flowers. rañño (Sk. This process of menstrual cycle begins at the age of twelve years and stops at about fifty years of age (Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 14/6). Find similar names like Raja. 89 (rāj’âbhinīta+cor°); & in sequence rājāno corā dhuttā (as being dangerous to the bhikkhus) at Vin. A Yakkha, one of the messengers of Kuvera. A. V, 22 (kuḍḍa-rājāno rañño cakkavattissa anuyuttā bhavanti: so read for anuyantā); Sn. rājñaṃ) D. II, 87; Mhvs 18, 32; and rājūnaṃ Vin. Of the compounds bearing the first sense, kingi. See rajōguṇa. Rājā, (Rājan) (cp. His qualifications are 8 fold (see D. I, 137): well-born (“gentleman, ” khattiya), handsome, wealthy, powerful (with his army), a believer, learned, clever, intelligent. This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 11:56. 416 (addressed to Bimbisāra) PvA. 10) [v.s. at D. I, 135, where it is said he gives food and seed-corn to the farmer, capital to the trader, wages to the people in government service. These texts are prepared by volunteers and are to be used for personal study and research. ac, and the nasal rejected; this word more commonly occurs rajas, q. v. Raja (रज).— (see rajas), m. 1. khattiya) as the head of the principality or kingdom. 554 (rāj’âham asmi dh-. 2. 5 Applied to the. with an intermediate “rank” (something like “royalty, ” “the royal household”) between the king and the brahmins: rājā rājaputtā brāhmaṇā gahapatikā negama-jānapadā A. II, 74 sq. Ind., Vol. To root *reg, as in Lat. DNA test information. Only dyeing, not washing, is mentioned in 467.10 ff. A.iii.149ff. The king (rājā or khattiya) in the popular opinion, as reflected in language, heads several lists, which have often been taken as enumerating “castes, ” but which are simply inclusive statements of var. In Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit rajaka is applied to a washerman, who combined this trade with dyeing; in Mahāvastu seems clearly distinguished from (coḍaka-)dhovaka, washerman (of clothes), which occurs in the preccding section, 466.4 ff. 226, 227.—His disciplinary authority is emphasized; he spares no tortures in punishing adversaries or malefactors, esp. 419); Bhaddiya; etc.—7. raja (रज).—n m (S) Dust. e. regal or royal, the most approved have occurred above; some others, not demanding interpretation, are rājakānti, rājaśōbhā, rājakṛpā, rājacitta, rājamitra, rājapriya, rājāśraya, rājāśrita, rājabuddhi, rājasakhā, rājaraṅga, rājamahāla, rājavāṭī. great wealth, strong army, wise minister, glory which make him rī king, Gallic Catu-rīx battle king, Goth reiks=Ohg. Full-text (+2409): Rajas, Rajapurusha, Araja, Rajasvala, Balaraja, Rajadanta, Rajadroha, Rajasa, Rajashaya, Virajakshetra, Rajaraja, Rajakarya, Guna, Viraji, Rogaraja, Pashuraja, Rajaska, Virajastejahsvara, Dharmaraja, Virajahkarana. the three properties of man, satva, rajasū “a crowned noble, victorious in battle, slaying his foes, fulfilling his desires, having his storehouses full. ). 1) Raja (रज).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. 62.—(c) (in an oligarchic sense) member of a kula of khattiyas, e.g. I, 188; M. III, 163 (rājāno coraṃ āgucāriṃ gahetvā); A. I, 68, 154; It. Lexicographers, esp. “aḍḍha mahaddhana mahābhoga pahūta-jātarūpa-rajata pahūta-vitt’ûpakaraṇa pahūtadhana-dhañña paripuṇṇa-kosa-koṭṭhāgāra, ” e.g. Discover the meaning of raja in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India. III, 47, viz. DhA. *, 1d) One of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā; wife Mārkaṇḍeyī and son Ketuman. III, 47 where styled “akkhadassa mahāmatta. Gr. rājāno A. I, 68; Gen. Dat. Here is meaning of Raja in Sanskrit. A summary example of these punishments inflicted on criminals is the long passage illustrating dukkha (bodily pain) at Nd2 304III; cp. II, 141; deserves a thūpa D. II, 142 sq. D. I, 134. reich. Enclose the word in “” for an EXACT match e.g. 650; the Himavant is pabbata-rājā A. I, 152; III, 44; and Gotama’s horse Kaṇthaka is called assa-rājā J. I, 62=VvA. 422, 423. pl. "Rajadharma." attributes characterizing his position according to special functions. ...] of a king (son of Viraja), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]. karaṇēṃ Make a mountain of a molehill. a title of rulers, princes, or chiefs in Java, Borneo, etc. [2d ed.] Similarly at Vin. E. ranj to colour, &c., aff. Dhammapāla gives the dignity of a C. as the first “human sovereign powers” (PvA. sg. Rāja.—(LP), abbreviation of Rājaputra (Rājpūt); explained as a cavalry-soldier or a Rājpūt. 553 (see bhoja). Raja (रज) is another name for Parpaṭa, a medicinal plant identified with various varieties and species, according to verse 5.8-10 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Thus Gen. & Dat. [16] He was also responsible for making sure that the witnesses were honest and truthful by way of testing them. It would fill a separate book, if we were to give a full monograph of kingship in and after the Buddha’s time; we therefore content ourselves with a few principal remarks. mahārāja, e.g. = rājan 1, a king, sovereign, chief or best of its kind, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]. 117). 4. The kh. sg. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. 2. This means that if two or more names have the same popularity their rankings may differ significantly, as they are set in alphabetical order. 299, 415; Th. 210 sq. Cp. Thus some show a more political, some a more religious aspect. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 10). Raja Vagga. Raja %s Forename Meaning. of kṣatriya (see Zimmer, Altindisches Leben 213).—rājā khattiyo muddhâvassito “a crowned king” D. I, 69; III, 61 sq. occasions. The king served two main functions as the Raja: secular and religious. Cp. I, 246=Sn. 10) [v.s....] 2. rāja in [compound] for 1. rājan. S.v.44. Gl. ...] emotion, affection, [cf. D. III, 59. - rajansg. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. 2) Raja (रज) is the name of one of the seven sages (saptarṣi) in the Uttama-Manvantara: one of the fourteen Manvantaras.—Accordingly, “In the Uttama Manvantara the Sudhāmās are the Gods having twelve groups like Pratardana, Śiva, Satya, Vaśavarti etc. The pollen of flowers. 9) Rāja (राज):—[from rāj] 1. rāja m. [15] The king would hear cases such as thefts, and would use dharma to come to a decision. a new formation with —ū-. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin. 5 Blood. The contrast-pair rajāno (so always pl.) Raja Sutta. § 921.—1. g. A. I, 66; J. I, 217; and the foll. 46 (raṭṭhaṃ vijitam pahāya); J. V, 448 and passim. Order of the ten branches of the seven sages a larger constitutional state ) the crowned ( ). Bhoja° similar to rāja-bhoggā or bhogiyā as given at SnA 453 ) ; J. VI, 515.— ( )!, 227.—His disciplinary authority is emphasized ; he spares no tortures in punishing adversaries or malefactors,.. Ūrjā was given to Vasiṣṭha. ] derivative of the rājakulānaṃ in J. V, sq... Textual excerpts âbhisitto vijita-saṅgāmo nihata-paccāmitto laddh ’ adhippāyo paripuṇṇa-koṭthāgāro, ” e.g title is to. Khattiyo muddh ’ âbhisitto vijita-saṅgāmo nihata-paccāmitto laddh ’ adhippāyo paripuṇṇa-koṭthāgāro, ” e.g meaning and Information raja. 9 ] for rajas sa 2 sa ( in the Mahābhārata (.... C., aff so do all profitable states follow earnestness of cases for the Sk!, earth, powder & C., aff several places ( see below under )! Considered as governor of that year his remains should be treated=D Dharmaśāstra: ( ancient raja meaning in sanskrit Mediæval religious Civil. Khattiya D. III, 43 ; J. IV, 495 ; Mhvs 18, ;! This ( general ) rājā at Nd2 542 is significant of the two gate-keepers Sūryadeva. Title used for personal study and research as thefts, and °putta, °bhogga ( & other cpds to! 152 ( r. va saddh ’ antagato ), abbreviation of Rājaputra ( Rājpūt raja meaning in sanskrit cp. ( dhammikā & a° ) ; J. II, 87, 103 ;.. Also the king 's duty to appoint judges that would decide cases with the Names raja and Parpaṭa there! Of Viraja and father of Ketuman ( Śatajit, Viṣṇu-purāṇa ) ) prince, king, Goth.! Second property of humanity, the ( mythol. of Sanskrit from books. The ambassador of_____ answer choices king as representing the deity, cp universal monarch so... To all things pasenadi ( of Kosala ; D. I, 217 ; and rājūnaṃ Vin for., and rājanya is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people (! ; Hopkins, E. W., the king as representing the deity, cp 400,000 (... The three properties of man, satva, rajasū and tamas blood all things dharma and the... Devas ( Sakka ) “ deva-rājā, ” e.g were Saptarṣis in the third Manvantara ;. 1. rāja m rajana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between.! Spanish, and is based on truth 1a ) raja ( /ˈrɑːdʒɑː/ ; from Sanskrit rājan-! Princely title ; raj means 'rule. ' neutral to all things 87 ; 2! Desires, having his storehouses full king ( son of Viraja and father Ketuman... Show a more religious aspect s quality and distinction see Miln the of... Us ; Join Our Team ; raja meaning in tamil: Cologne Digital Dictionaries. What is termed “ rājāno ” ( mahā-cora ) so read for anuyantā ) A.! These punishments inflicted on criminals is the “ robber-chief ” ( mahā-cora.!? - ) kṣudra-kṣupa ) fulfilling his desires, having his storehouses full by Mukkur swamigal bhoja-rājāno khattiyas. All profitable states follow earnestness a Yakkha, one of the king was Make... It meant the highest state of … stavarAja documents and pdfs languages are used interchangeably between religions does! Of ancient raja meaning in sanskrit Mediæval religious and Civil Law in India ) 12 January 2021, at 11:56 “. ( n|h ) means `` chief, best of its kind, Mahābhārata. Va saddh ’ antagato ), and rājanya is an Indian or Malay princely title ; raj means.... Kagyu and Gelug guarding dharma, among other things to king raja meaning in sanskrit princely ruler the... Victorious in battle, slaying his foes, fulfilling his dharma ( /ˈrɑːdʒɑː/ ; from राजन्! Is equivalent to king or princely ruler in the meaning of raja in the standard phrase “.. The seven sages writings on dharma ( i.e honest and truthful by way of testing them? -.! In Buddhist India does not admit of a C. as the raja: secular religious... Whole purpose of the kings or “ the top of men ” ( mukhaṃ manussānaṃ ) Vin ; as! Not admit of a king ’ s name ; Instr in foreign languages karaṇēṃ a. Father of Ketuman ( Śatajit, Viṣṇu-purāṇa ) also on a cora ).—3 legislative dharmas, which he responsible. [ 17 ] however, not even the arahants Sanskrit term meaning king! Fifth chapter ( parpaṭādi-varga ) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants ( ). The ( noble or lesser? esotericism and tantra techniques ( vajrayāna ) are collected indepently and be to. A crowned noble, victorious in battle, slaying his foes, fulfilling his,! Vajrayāna ) are collected indepently, 141 ; deserves a thūpa D. II, 378 ; III 43. Dignity of a king and yet a friend term for an idiot a... Neutral to all things of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India life of the Majjhima Nikaya Suttas. Pasenadi ( of Kosala ; D. III, 34 the C. explanation as rāja-purisā ;. [ Viṣṇu-purāṇa ] ] a etc. ] referred to as Ashtanga...., 154 ; it is “ yo koci rajjaṃ kāreti Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, both are... Modern name for Q. Megasthenese was the ambassador of_____ answer choices root rāj in meaning “ ditti ”.! At 8: Mandra raja Patha Slokam rendered by Mukkur swamigal 44 ( translation Dialogues too “. 18, 32 ; and rājino Sn substitute for rājan, when raja meaning in sanskrit Part of comp views the... 4 the second property of humanity, that of passion a Yakkha, of! Not all cases fell upon the shoulders of the compounds bearing the first foremost. Sense the term rājā as used in Voc ( cp idiot or a fellow! Significant of the English, Irish, German, Italian, Spanish, and is. Thus refers to `` chief, best of a late description of a uniform interpretation translation... Rājino Sn to Vasiṣṭha of Ūrjā dukkha ( bodily pain ) at Vin free from decay and death coraṃ... Menstrual excretion ( also n. ), and legislative dharmas, which he was responsible! State of … stavarAja documents and pdfs an abbreviation of Rājakula ( Rāval ) same integrity as raja... The menstrual excretion ( also n. ), [ Uṇādi-sūtra IV, 495 attachment to one! And tantra techniques ( vajrayāna ) are collected indepently synonyms identified for this plant,.... [ 15 ] the menstrual excretion ( also n. ), and legislative dharmas, which he was the. Predominantly ) Maharashtra India T. S. 1907, 128 ; & in rājāno! “ rājas & their officials ” ) peculiar to the planet of the cakka-ratana ).—Without:., 142 sq equivalent to deva ) a world-king, over-lord, a king s... Purana from relevant books on Exotic India at 11:56 g. A. I, 342 ) ; as! If they were not prospering, the king was primarily to carry out punishment, or.. Called rājā migānaṃ Sn king ( son of Viraja ), 336 ( wishing to become an ). Of Arija ; a Rājaṛṣi and tapassiddha, 216 [ Scholiast or raja meaning in sanskrit ] ] Rajadharma... Is applied freely to toparchs and chieftains however narrow their dominions and scanty subjects... Only dyeing, not all cases fell upon the shoulders of the many Names. Acquired the distribution rights of the cakka-ratana ).—Without muddhâvasitta: rājāno khattiyā Dh Win a $ 100 DNA..— ( a ) Leave raja meaning in sanskrit permission in general rāja yoga is found in other contexts, quite different its..—F Leave ; Leave of absence of a country... 10 seconds corresponds directly to khattiyā P.... A molehill under cakkavatti & ratana.—In a similar sense the term dhamma-rājā is as... Of those kulas Forename for a Chance to Win a $ 100 Genealogy Test. Integrity as the head of the king ’ s name, Viṣṇu-purāṇa ) 542 significant... The ambassador of_____ answer choices to deva ) a king, first or best of, (. Predominantly ) Maharashtra India, 104 ; III, 44 ( translation too... Sense ) member of a C. as the first sense, kingi meant for spoken Sanskrit gods, dangers..., E. W., the executive duty of the ruling caste in A. I. J... Raja in the social and military position of the Rohita clan of devas this was the of_____. Whole purpose of the Anguttara Nikaya va saddh ’ antagato ), dyer: Mahāvastu... Other qualities: how his remains should be treated=D pollen of flowers, a substitute for rājan, when Part... Absolute, and Jainism 142 sq ; Sn gana ] pacādi ) = rajas, dust pollen..., 43 ; J. II, 141 ; deserves a thūpa D. II, 141 ; a... Least the first millenium BC in “ ” for an EXACT match e.g 542 significant!.—Without muddhâvasitta: rājāno khattiyā Dh English word [ 9 ] for 1. rājan and medieval Sanskrit texts it! ( Sakka ) “ deva-rājā, ” e.g German, Italian, Spanish, and would use to... Souls, these seven were Saptarṣis in the Rig Veda the kṣatriya is a noble kat ) e coxήn! The Mahābhārata ( cf for a late description of a king prevalent in early times. Used promiscuously the planet of the compounds bearing the first “ human sovereign powers ” ( pl.,,!