Hassan Fathy (1900 – 1989) Hassan Fathy was responsible for 160 projects from houses and schools to large-scale communities. New Gourna was placed on the 2010 Watch, and UNESCO and World Monuments Fund joined forces. Faced with a 50 acre land intended to home 7000 people unwilling to leave their homes was not to be an easy task. He worked to include and empower the poor through participation in design and building processes, a main theme in his seminal publication, Architecture for the Poor. He integrated a knowledge of the rural Egyptian economic situation with a wide knowledge of ancient architectural and town design techniques. Architecture for the Poor describes Hassan Fathy’s plan for building the village of New Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. Die heute kaum genutzte Lehmarchitektur-Siedlung des Hassan Fathy Village war eins der ehrgeizigsten Siedlungsprojekte des ägyptischen Architekten Hassan Fathy. The latter consists of inclined arches and "The village of New Gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of Fathy's projects because of the international popularity of his book, "Architecture for the Poor", published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village. Toggle navigation. Gourna is a village located on the site of the Tomb of the Nobles that forms a part of Thebes’ ancient cementary which can now be found in Luxor, … Only part of the goal was realized. (It’s in shambles) The residents of the original Gourna lived over the Thebes cemetery. 3. Two such This came as Fathy's perfect opportunity.The new location is about five miles downhill towards the river, not far from the old village. Some features of this site may not work without it. Ellsworth Kelly Foundation generously supported the development of this site. models for later large-scale work. New Gourna Village (2015) World Monuments Fund. It thus evokes a feeling of oneness amongst all the structural masses. Bern, Switzerland: The Aga Khan Trust for Culture: 16-18. These fine old houses enriched his imagination, however, and were to become "The village of New Gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of Fathy's projects because of the international popularity of his book, "Architecture for the Poor", published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village. Steele J (1989) The Hassan Fathy Collection. The ancient mud brick forms, in contrast, Motivated by the declining condition of New Gourna, the international association " Save the Heritage of Hassan Fathy " made an appeal to several international conservation organizations to help with the conservation of the village. Climatic conditions, public health considerations, and ancient craft skills also affected his design decisions. Please use another browser for the best experience with our site. Fathy worked to create an indigenous environment at a minimal cost, and in so doing to improve the economy and the standard of living in rural areas. Safeguarding project of Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village, 2011. markets blend with the similarly coloured residential units. systems of Egypt to understand their aesthetic qualities, to learn what they فيلم وثائقى نادر عن المهندس شيخ المعماريين حسن فتحى بمنزله بدرب اللبانه - Duration: 53:40. Hassan Fathy Architectural Archives; Add or remove collections Home Hassan Fathy Architectural Archives Site Plan Reference URL ... New Gourna Village . New York, NY 10118 Courtesy of Viola Bertini. 04.12.2015 - New Gourna Village, Hassan Fathy opposite Luxor, Upper Egypt, 1945-48 traditional local context, activist for the poor, but also a trap because it doesn't allow for cultural or technological change. One of the later houses designed by Fathy in which the use of mud bricks was replaced by that of stone. He was an Egyptian drawing, gouache with plans and elevations by Hasan Fathy. . The Village of New Gourna. WMF created a community assessment to integrate social and economic concerns into planning and decision-making about the future of the village and its preservation, published in a report on New Gourna Village that can be found on WMF’s website. © 2020 World Monuments Fund. Hassan Fathy inspired architects and planners worldwide by integrating traditional materials with modern architectural principles. We are sorry, we are still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE. The urban Green Prophet has railed against projects like Dubai Burj Tower. MIT Libraries home Dome. Born into an affluent family, Hassan Fathy studied Western architecture at university in Cairo. Hassan Fathy devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement. Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. World Monuments Fund® and World Monuments Watch® are registered service marks. a continuing spiral, semi-domed alcoves and other related forms. Site proudly built by Amazee Labs. Archnet focus on Africa. Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village A UNESCO Initiative DOCUMENTATION: in partnership with Luxor Governorate. While the architect's explanations offered in the book are extremely compelling and ultimately persuasive, New Gourna is still most significant for the questions it raises rather than the problems it tried to solve, and these questions still await a thorough, objective analysis. They made their living robbing the Pharaonic tombs and selling the antiquities on. His previous experience with such a project, and particularly his ability to build it inexpensively, made Fathy the logical choice as the architect for New Baris. Please contact the RBSCL at rbscl-ref@aucegypt.edu or 2615-3676 to request access to master files. Born: March 23, 1900 Alexandria, Egypt Died : November 30, 1989 (aged 89) Cairo, Egypt Nationality: Egyptian Awards: 1- Aga Khan Award for Architecture Chairman's Award (1980) Hassan Fathy on the Egyptian stamp Famous Buildings Project name: New Gourna Village Description: is a trademark of World Monuments Fund. His most major work was the building of the village of New Gourna (1948-… Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. . Fathy worked to create an indigenous environment at a minimal cost, and in so doing to improve the economy and the standard of living in rural areas. Designed by a pioneer of sustainable architecture, Hassan Fathy, the village of New Gourna in Luxor, or ancient Thebes, was commissioned by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities in 1945. Steele J (1989) The Hassan Fathy Collection. Submission by Awut Atak I'd like to nominate Hassan Fathy's New Gourna Village project. construction and the desperate need of Egypt's poor to be taught once again to Join us in keeping watch over mankind’s greatest achievements, and support this call to action. This architecture asserts that poor people in other countries cannot aspire to modernist architecture. It is impossible to conceive of the history of art in exclusion from that of architecture. However, New Gourna remains a dynamic living settlement, with housing and public facilities, though nearly 40 percent of the original buildings have been lost. Muslim world. Safeguarding project of Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village, 2011. The ideas he engendered and the evolution of this community are relevant to today’s challenges of environmental protection and urban growth. Hassan Fathy is the Middle East’s father of sustainable architecture - Green Prophet Hassan Fathy, an Egyptian architect saw the value of natural building long before it became a fad in the west. Designed by a pioneer of sustainable architecture, Hassan Fathy, the village of New Gourna in Luxor, or ancient Thebes, was commissioned by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities in 1945. To combine AND/OR Logic, conduct your search using Group search. New Gourna was a housing project masterminded by Hassan Fathy with the objective of re-housing the Seven Thousand people of Gourna, a village built on the site of the Tomb of the Nobles, part of the ancient cemetery of Thebes (now Luxor, Egypt). New Qurna was built between 1946 and 1952 by Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy midway between the Colossi of Memnon and el-Gezira on the Nile on the main road to the Theban Necropolis to house the residents of the Qurna. architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the Hassan Fathy was one of those pioneer Arab architects that touched on art Hassan Fathy (1900 – 1989, Arabic: حسن فتحي) was a noted Egyptian architect who pioneered appropriate technology for… A. Hassan Fathy Collection, Rare Books Library, AUC The collection comprises the original drawings of the architect Hassan Fathy as well as his personal library, published and unpublished manuscripts, and photographs of his projects. Unidentified sketch, possibly of a building façade, Unidentified sketch of a fireplace, with details, Unidentified drawings of mud brick vaults - "normal mud brick room" and "large rooms, assembly halls, etc. Made of adobe architecture with building methods informed by ancient Nubian … "The village of New Gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of Fathy's projects because of the international popularity of his book, "Architecture for the Poor", published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village. 26 January 2016 James Steele; Aga Khan Awards For Architecture, Datum Antiques, Sustainability, Architecture, Architects, Conservation Architecture, Architects + Spaces, Contemporary Arabic, "No other project dominates this mature phase of the architect's work as much as the village of New Baris, in a way that is comparable to the notoriety of New Gourna twenty years before. halls, mashrabiyyas and courtyards; and the indigenous mud brick construction learned, Fathy had what was then a revolutionary idea. 350 Fifth Avenue Fax: 646 424-9593. He studied at Cairo University and later became a professor at the Faculty of Fine Arts and was head of the Architectural School. He was an architect who devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations. Fathy’s most impressive project was the construction of New Gourna Village between 1946 and 1952 at Luxor, Egypt. 2. Use the advanced tools below to narrow the parameters of your search. A Catalogue of Visual Documents at the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. He perceived that a to find ways to put them to contemporary use. Early in his career he began to study the pre-industrial building build shelter for themselves. The idea for the new village was launched by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities as a solution to the problem of relocating the entire entrenched community of entrepreneurial excavators that had established itself over the royal necropolis in Luxor. Hassan Fathy Village, arabisch: ‏ قرية حسن فتحي ‎, Qaryat Ḥasan Fatḥī, ist eine nie fertiggestellte und heute unbewohnte Siedlung etwa acht Kilometer nördlich von Bārīs westlich der Fernverkehrsstraße 25 in der Senke el-Chārga.Sie war eins der ehrgeizigsten Siedlungsprojekte des ägyptischen Architekten Hassan Fathy.Der einstige Name Neu-Baris oder Baris el-Gadida (engl. Hassan Fathy was born in 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt. had to teach about climate control and economical construction techniques and Fathy’s innovative mixed-use plan for New Gourna, the icon of his legacy, remains a powerful and well-preserved element of the village. vaults, built without shuttering, domes on squinches built over square rooms in were still being produced by rural masons unchanged. PRACTICE AT NEW GOURNA. 1 Ṭōd el-Baʿīrāt liegt auf der Südseite der Straße, das Hassan Fathy Village auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite. 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", Correspondence Regarding Rural Housing Development, A Briefing On the Outcome of the Visit To Aswan and Nubia, Memorandum On The Importance Of Research For Rural Housing Development, Correspondence To The Committee Of Rural Housing Research, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: II- Tradition et Invention, A Memorandum Regarding Ongoing Projects Of The Ministry, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: I- L'architecture Fait Naturel, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: III- Construire Avec Le Peuple, Traditional Architecture Finds a Royal Patron, Part I, Architecture in Fact and Fiction: The Case of the New Gourna Village in Upper Egypt, Some Problems Facing Egyptian Architecture, Report Concerning Guided Projects in Desert Areas, Correspondence Regarding The Suq Renovation Project at Suhar, Oman, Memorandum Regarding Rural Housing Research, Contemporaneity In Modern Arab Architecture, A Point of View On Rural Housing in Egypt, A Memorandum on The Importance of Rural Housing Research, Memorandum Offering Proposals For The Contribution of the Group In The Research On Climate and Architecture in the Project for Rural Development in Oman, Planning and Building in the Arab Tradition: The Gourna Village Experiment in Egypt, Memorandum Regarding the Drawbacks of Rural Development Research, Architecture in The Middle East: Past, Present, and Future, The Ekistical Approach To The Problem of Roofing in Farming Houses, A Memorandum Regarding The Guided Project For The Village of Harraniya, Constancy, Transposition, and Change In City Design For the Arab City In the Future, A Memorandum On The Design Of The Cultural Center of Luxor, The Aesthetic Approach to the Problem of Roofing in Peasant House Building, A Memorandum On The Rural Industries In Egypt, A Study On Some Factors Influencing The Determining of Architectural Forms, Arches, Vaults, and Domes in Architecture, Technology At The Service Of National Culture and Economy In The Field Of Architecture and Urban Planning, Regarding The Understanding of Modern Arabic Architecture, Report Concerning The Migration Project Of The Inhabitants Of The Nubia Region. In 1946 Hassan Fathy, Egypt’s Green architect, built a model village near Luxor called ‘New Gourna’ out of mud.But what happened to this stunning village? Mit Rehan or the The Casaroni Villa, 1980, Giza. connection could be made between the continuing viability of mud brick by Lara Iskander. Based on the structural massing of ancient buildings, Fathy incorporated dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling. because of the disappearance of the building traditions that created them. Loading content ... , , . Chairman's Award: Lifetime Achievements of Hassan Fathy. New Gourna Village: Conservation and Community, Project-based learning Unit: New Gourna, Luxor, Egypt. Ottoman Cairo, ingeniously shaded and ventilated by means of their two-storey housing forms of Cairo could not serve Fathy directly as a replicable source MIT. Old Gourna Village was the the impetus for Hassan Fathy's New Gourna Village. Hassan Fathy devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement. UNESCO surveyed buildings and documented conservation needs while the WMF team interviewed more than a third of New Gourna’s 174 households, analyzing conditions, identifying changes in the environment, and examining the use of space and adaptations to the buildings over time. Famous architect and artist, Hassan Fathy was born in Alexandria in 1899 to an Egyptian father and a Turkish mother. It is a relatively humble scheme; a resettlement village in Luxor Egypt, that was commissioned in 1945. Political and financial complications as well as residents’ opposition to relocation prevented completion. Hassan Fathy's saw this as a challenge, as he says in his book. Tel: 646 424-9594 Access to high-resolution master file restricted to RBSCL staff only. As explained 3 modernist architecture leave their homes was not to be an easy task Documents at the of! 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