The westslope cutthroat is one of the four major subspecies of cutthroat and is native to a very large area of western North America, including parts of Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Oregon, Washington and Canada. Restrictions apply … ... Westslope cutthroat trout. The distribution of Westslope Cutthroat Trout straddles the Continental Divide and includes drainages in Montana, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and Wyoming in the United States. Westslope cutthroat trout are adfluvial, fluvial, or resident (with the exception of a single lake-spawn­ ing population; Carl and Stelfox 1989) (table 1). Salem, OR 97302 U.S. Three varieties of Cutthroat trout are available to Washington and Oregon anglers. Gall. Projects have generally followed a site- specific/opportunity- based approach rather than a watershed approach, with varied results and accomplishments. Blueheads and Bonnevilles – Weber River, Utah, Westslope Cutthroat Species Status Report, From worry to westslope: Cutthroat trout in Madison River spells success for Cherry Creek project. Endangered Species Act (ESA) and under Oregon… Although members of Oncorhynchus, the Pacific trout/salmon species, three subspecies—the westslope (O. c. lewisi), the greenback (O. c. stomias) and Yellowstone cutthroat trout (O. c. … Young, Don Campton, Steve Duke, and Jim T. Mogen (September 1999). Radiotelemetry was used to study the seasonal movements and habitat use of adult westslope cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi in Roberts Creek and Rail Creek, headwater tributaries of the John Day River, Oregon… The photo below is of a Westslope Cutthroat Trout caught and released in July 2015 on the South Fork Salmon River near McCall, Idaho. Located in NE Oregon, the Blue Mountains ecoregion is the largest ecoregion in the state. RANGE: Westslope cutthroat trout occur on both sides of the Continental Divide from Yellowstone National Park into British Columbia and Alberta Canada. 1991. Coloration varies, but generally is silver with yellowish hints, though … These trout get their name from the red-orange slashes on the underside of the lower jaw. Westslope cutthroat were first brought to the attention of the scientific community when Captain Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark expedition described trout caught by a member of the expedition near the Great Falls of the Missouri River in Montana on J… It is often difficult to distinguish the westslope from other cutthroat species, but it tends to have more small spots by the tail and none by the pectoral fin. 2 Westslope Cutthroat Trout Status Update Summary 2009 Bruce E. May1 Introduction This abbreviated status update for westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisii, WCT ) … In 2003, on the basis of the available information, the U.S. Do you want to enter your opinion about a specific issue into the public record? The pool closed to retention at midnight on Jan. 4. Subsequently, the Fish and Wildlife Service assumed sole regulatory jurisdiction. The westslope cutthroat trout(Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi), also known as the black-spotted trout, common cutthroat troutand red-throated troutis a subspecies of the cutthroat … The plans are designed to address legal requirements for recovery planning under the U.S. Westslope Cutthroat Trout is a trout with small, non-rounded spots, with few spots on the anterior body below the lateral line. ^ Scott A. As with other cutthroat subspecies, the distribution and numbers of WCT have declined due to human influences such as livestock grazing and other agricultural practices, logging, road-building, mining, dam construction, loss of riparian habitat, erosion, sedimentation, and placement of barriers to fish migration. A map of the potential native range of the Alvord Cutthroat trout. All rights reserved. The Bonneville Pool on the Columbia River will close to sturgeon retention at midnight on Jan. 7. Fish and Wildlife Service who shared joint jurisdiction of this species. The most common variety in Oregon is the coastal cutthroat … As temperatures drop in the fall, the fish will drop lower in the system to the mainstem, where access is more limited as most fish will be found on private land. Features: Like all cutthroat trout, this species boasts bright red streaks on either side of its “throat.” You can tell it’s a westslope cutthroat by its spot pattern – the majority of the black spots are found on the back end of the fish with rather few ahead of the dorsal fin. However, … Photo Credit: Josh McCormick Overview. The average size of these fish is 6 to 16 inches, depending on habitat. Deeds, Lynn R. Kaeding, Samuel C. Lohr, Douglas A. Status Review for Westslope Cutthroat Trout in the United States. The westslope subspecies of cutthroat trout is found in just one area in Oregon – the John Day Basin. During the cooler months of summer you can find them in places like Strawberry Creek and upper Canyon Creek. Resident Coastal Cutthroat … Sea-run cutthroat trout… 5 Alerts X. Bonneville Pool closes to sturgeon retention. 1. Native species Coastal Cutthroat Trout Chinook Salmon (King, Blackmouth) Kokanee/Sockeye spawning colors Steelhead Northern Pikeminnow White Sturgeon Redband Trout Westslope Cutthroat Trout Coho Salmon (Silver) Rainbow Trout Kokanee/Sockeye pre-spawning colors Bull Trout (Resident) Bull Trout … p. 7. Fish and Wildlife Service. Projects have included a 2009  range-wide status assessment,  numerous barrier removal efforts, as well as stream and riparian restoration and genetic assessments. The Greatest Westslope Cutthroat Fishery on the Planet by Mike Peterson Leo is the Fisheries Management Biologist for the west side of the Bob Marshall and the Swan range. Habitat: While westslope cutthroat trout was once the most widely distributed cutthroat in North America, its home in Oregon has always been limited to the John Day Basin. Beginning March 23, all ODFW offices will be closed to visitors. Bartley, D.M. 4034 Fairview Industrial Drive SE Main Phone (503) 947-6000 (800) 720-6339, Do you have a question or comment for ODFW? References. As well known as the Elk is for its mammoth bull trout, it is even better known for its sizeable wild, westslope cutthroat trout and large concentrations of mountain whitefish. There are also several unconnected … The photos below are of Methow River (Washington) Westslope Cutthroat trout. Westslope Cutthroat Trout is a trout with small, non-rounded spots, with few spots on the anterior body below the lateral line. Techniques: These fish feed on aquatic and terrestrial insects – food sources that can be mimicked well by flies and artificial lures. Native Fish Species Rainbow Trout Redband Trout Coastal Cutthroat Trout Westslope Cutthroat Trout Chinook Salmon (King, Blackmouth) Coho Salmon (Silver) Kokanee/Sockeye spawning colors Kokanee/Sockeye pre-spawning colors Steelhead Bull Trout (Resident) Northern Pikeminnow Bull Trout … Its range has become extremely fragmented (in high elevation, isolated headwater areas) and the core of … The introduction and spread of nonnative trout such as brook, rainbow, brown, and lake trout is considered by many fisheries scientists to be the major threat to WCT. Bait is prohibited in most streams in the Northeast Zone. There are four distinct forms of coastal cutthroats. The Westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) is the most geographically widespread of the inland cutthroats, native to streams and lakes in the upper Columbia River basin (Idaho and Montana), Methow River and Lake Chelan drainages (Washington), John Day River drainage … In 1999, a proposed rule to list the southwestern Washington/lower Columbia River Distinct Population Segment of coastal cutthroat trout as threatened was published by National Marine Fisheries Service and the U.S. This … Can’t find what you need? Current conditions and opportunities to fish, hunt and see wildlife. Contact: odfw.commission@state.or.us Visit the ODFW's agency site. Westslope Cutthroat Trout (WCT) are native to streams and lakes in the upper Columbia River basin (Idaho and Montana), the Methow River and Lake Chelan drainages (Washington), the John Day River drainage (Oregon), the headwaters of the South Saskatchewan River (Montana), and the upper Missouri River basin (Montana and Wyoming). Retrieved 2014-02-20.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) and G.A.E. All photos were taken by Kevin van Bueren of North Cascades Fly Fishing. … Coastal Cutthroat Trout is a sea-run cutthroat trout, a subspecies of cutthroat trout found in Western North America. In Canada, it is restricted to southwestern Alberta (primarily the South Saskatchewan drainage) and southeastern British Columbia (primarily the Kootenay and Upper Columbia drainages). It provides a diverse complex of mountain ranges, valleys, and plateaus that extend beyond Oregon … A better understanding of the potentially complex life history requirements of westslope cutthroat trout in headwater basins is critical to managing for the persistence of the subspecies. Westslope Cutthroat Trout . Officially designated as Montana’s state fish, the Westslope Cutthroat’s historical range included all of Montana west of the Continental Divide, as well as the upper Missouri River drainage. The photos of Westslope Cutthroat Trout in this section of our photo gallery are courtesy of photographer D. Kenney. Habitat: While westslope cutthroat trout was once the most widely distributed cutthroat in North America, its home in Oregon has always been limited to the John Day Basin. ©2019 Western Native Trout Initiative. Contact ODFW's Public Service Representative at: odfw.info@state.or.us. The inability to stop or reverse habitat degradation is one of the major obstacles to the continued improvement of the WCT status, although this concern is ameliorated somewhat by the fact that over 50% of current occupied WCT habitat is in roadless and wilderness areas. You can tell it’s a westslope cutthroat by its spot pattern – the majority of the black spots are found on the back end of the fish with rather few ahead of the dorsal fin. At present, there are multiple State, Federal, Tribal and private conservation efforts that are working to improve the status of WCT in the northwestern U.S. Between 2006 and 2020, the Western Native Trout Initiative has contributed over $645,754 to 28 projects benefiting Westslope Cutthroat Trout in Idaho, Oregon, Montana, and Washington. Fish and Wildlife Service concluded that the WCT is not likely to become a threatened or endangered species within the foreseeable future. Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife. The most common is the Coastal Cutthroat, which includes both resident and anadromous--or sea-run--strains. Effective March 18, all state-owned fish hatcheries are closed to public access and visitors. Adfluvial fish live in the large lakes in … Although commonly associated with the state of Montana, the historic range of Westslope Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) is the most widespread geographically among the 14 subspecies of inland cutthroat trout. ODA recommends discarding any razor clams dug on or since Monday, Nov. 16. Trout stocking in lakes and ponds continues for now. Also, the Westslope Cutthroat Trout is more of a silvery or greenish color than other cutthroats. The Bonneville Pool on the Columbia River will close to sturgeon retention at midnight on Jan. 7. Learn more about Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife’s Westslope Cutthroat Trout management, Read the Idaho Fish and Game Department Management Plan for Westslope Cutthroat Trout conservation, Learn more about Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks’ Westslope Cutthroat Trout conservation efforts, Learn more about Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife’s Native Fish Investigations Project, Read more about Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife’s Westslope Cutthroat Trout conservation, Recent article from the Bozeman Daily Chronicle (May 21, 2015): From worry to westslope: Cutthroat trout in Madison River spells success for Cherry Creek project. Genetic identification of native cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki) and introgressive hybridization with introduced rainbow trout (O. mykiss) in streams associated with the Alvord Basin, Oregon … ODFW staff will be available by phone and email. Updated weekly by fish and wildlife biologists throughout the state. Coloration varies, but generally is silver with yellowish hints, though bright yellow, orange, and especially red colors can be expressed to a much greater extent than on coastal or Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout … Westslope Cutthroat Trout, Fish Distribution, Washington, Idaho, Columbia River Basin, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Montana, StreamNet Project Summary Description Credits … It includes … Coastal cutthroat trout. Based on changes in forest management re… © Copyright 2016–2021 Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife, ODFW hatcheries closed to public, visitors, Bonneville Pool closes to sturgeon retention, The Dalles Pool closes to sturgeon retention. 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