On February 11, Phillips paused near Edwards' Post, south of the Canadian River, and awaited the arrival of reinforcements from Fort Smith. But I do not ask you to take prisoners. History. Choctaw, who named Oklahoma in 1866. Watch over each other to keep each other right, and be ready to strike a terrible blow on those who murdered your wives and little ones by the Red Fork along the Verdigris or by Dave Farm Cowpens. Chyrus Kingbury, noted missionary buried here. First Brig., Army of the Frontier "Battle of Middle Boggy River showed Confederate weakness. This stream is also known as Muddy Boggy River, Middle Muddy Boggy River and Middle Boggy Creek. In 1959, the Oklahoma Historical Society erected a marker at a small cemetery about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Atoka, Oklahoma. However, the mistreatment of civilians and killings of wounded soldiers by the Union troops strengthened the resolve of Confederates and their sympathizers to continue the fight. Boggy Depot is a ghost town and Oklahoma State Park that was formerly a significant city in the Indian Territory. Adam Nail's Company "A" of First Choctaw and Chickasaw Cavalry, and a detachment of the Twentieth Texas Regiment was suddenly attacked by Federal Forces --- 3 companies of Fourteenth Kansas Cavalry, Maj. Charles Willetts in command, and a section of howitzers under Capt. Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, unless otherwise noted. Keep with me close and obey orders and we will soon have peace. Advancing down the Dragoon Trail toward Fort Washita, Union Colonel William A. Phillips sent out an advance of approximately 350 men from the 14th Kansas Cavalry (led by Maj. Charles Willetts) and two howitzers(led by Captain Solomon Kaufman) to attack a Confederate out… The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture says that the battlefield was 15 miles northeast of the depot, whereas the battlefield marker says the distance was 12 miles. However, forensic research in 1988 enabled site manager Gwen Walker to positively identify some of the victims as soldiers of the 19th Arkansas Infantry. Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Road sees like a badly paved one lane road, it is, but it will take you straight to the back part of the park near the cemetery. Photograph of the dedication program for a historical marker in Boggy Depot, OK, Photo by Lucyl Shirk, October 28, 1950. BG Cooper reported that only 11 Confederate soldiers were killed. Scope and Contents FULL FINDING AID (PDF) Three account books (1872-1874), a fire insurance policy (1889), and various statements and receipts (1879-1880) from the Hester Mercantile Store, Boggy Depot, Indian Territory, owned by George B. Hester. Colbert. Despite its historical significance, Boggy Depot State Park was on the list of seven state parks scheduled to close as agency budgets were slashed for Fiscal Year 2012. Rev. Turn to park is just east of this marker before the bridge. The United States government had moved the Choctaws and Chickasaws to Indian Territory from Mississippi and Alabama in the 1830s. [1], Col. Phillips camped at a site called Camp Kansas on the night after the battle. The Battle of Middle Boggy River took place on February 13, 1864 in Choctaw Indian Territory, 4 miles south of what is now Allen, Oklahoma. [5] [C] He stopped on February 4, to await the arrival of the remaining nine companies of the 14th Kansas Cavalry. He represented southern Oklahoma from 1906 to … Turn to park is just east of this marker before the bridge. The United States government removed the Choctaws and Chickasaws from Mississippi and Alabama to the new Indian Territory, including the area of Boggy Depot, in the 1830s. Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians founded the town in 1837. MUSKOGEE TO BOGGY DEPOT, INDIAN TERRITORY 1905 Postal History Cover TERRITORIAL - $25.37. This park gets its name from Clear Boggy Creek and from its use as a Confederate commissary depot during the Civil War. This trail (also called the Texas Cattle Trail),[1] roughly parallelled the more heavily used Texas Road. Butterfield Overland Mail Site of Boggy Depot Here was located a stage stand of the Butterfield Overland Mail Rount, under act of congress, March 3, 1857. [4], Colonel Phillips issued the following message to his troops before they departed from Fort Gibson to begin the expedition:[4], Circular Hdqrs. General Douglas H. Cooper, who had returned that night to his headquarters at Boggy Depot from Fort Washita, had sent a request to Texas for more reinforcements. Solomon Kaufman. Do not kill a prisoner after he has surrendered. [2] The Confederate force at the outpost, consisting of 90 poorly armed men, were caught off guard when Willetts attacked them. Phillips' expedition left Fort Gibson on February 1, 1864 and moved southwest along the Dragoon Trail toward Fort Washita. Turn to park is just east of this marker before the bridge. Oklahoma Historical Society 178-1995. First mail stage arrived here in september 1858, enroute to San Francisco. While at first the two tribes lived together on the Choctaw land, the Chickasaws later emigrated to the western portions of the Indian Territory and formed their own separate nation on land transferred to them by the Choctaw. Approximately 5 miles east of Wapanucka, Oklahoma on Highway 7. When you fire, aim low, about the knee, or at the lower part of a man's body, if on horseback. The Confederates, though poorly armed, made a firm stand in a hot fight of 30 minutes in which 47 of their men were killed and others wounded. It sat near the Texas Road, … A Confederate burial detail sent to the battlefield found all the abandoned wounded had been killed with their throats cut. Let me say a few words to you that you are not to forget. Results: Union victory Advancing down the Dragoon Trail toward Fort Washita, Union Colonel William A. Phillips sent out an advance of approximately 350 men from the 14th Kansas Cavalry (led by Maj. Charles Willetts) and two howitzers (led by Captain Solomon Kaufman) to attack a … Person Interviewed: Nancy Rogers Bean Location: Hulbert, Oklahoma Place of Birth: Boggy Depot, Oklahoma Age: 82 I’m getting old and it’s easy to forget most of the happenings of slave days; anyway I was too little to know much about them, for my mammy told me I … Allen Wright, who suggested the name Oklahoma, meaning "Red People," for the state, hailed from Boggy Depot. It grew as a vibrant and thriving town in present-day Atoka County, Oklahoma, United States and became a major trading center on the Texas Road and the Butterfield Overland Mail route be [4] The next day, Phillips divided his command into two groups. He also ordered the destruction of Colbert Institute, a pre-war Chickasaw school that had been used to house Confederate troops. Maj. Willetts' advance group camped a short distance away on the night of February 12 and made final preparations to attack. ", Steven L. Warren, "Middle Boggy, Battle of,", CWSAC Report Update and Resurvey: Individual Battlefield Profiles, Indian Territory in the American Civil War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Middle_Boggy_Depot&oldid=999048464, Battles of the American Civil War in Indian Territory, Battles of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War, Union victories of the American Civil War, Operations to control Indian Territory (American Civil War), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 06:51. Walker discovered that these men had been sent to construct earthworks at Fort McCulloch in 1862, and that they had died of an epidemic of measles.[8]. May God go with us. [3] Outnumbered and outgunned, the Confederates held off the Union cavalry attack for approximately 30 minutes before retreating to the rest of Lt. Col. John Jumper's Seminole Battalion, who were not at the main skirmish. Photograph of Allen Wright's home in Boggy Depot, OK. Union Colonel William A Phillips led an expedition consisting of about 1,500 soldiers to divide the Confederate forces in Indian Territory along a line from Fort Gibson to the Red River. By now, he knew that the remainder of the 14th Cavalry would not be coming to his assistance. Many people moved to be closer to the railroad and the Boggy Depot Post Office moved to a new location in 1883. Never fire in the air. the military road from Fort Washita to Fort Smith, and for a while become the seat of the autonomous Chickasaw Nation in 1855. 1st house build 1837 by Cyrus Harris. During the Civil War it housed the principal Confederate supply depot in Indian Territory. Do not waste your ammunition. I ask you to make your footsteps severe and terrible. Willett's group began the skirmish with an artillery barrage at 7 A.M. the following morning. In 1972, Boggy Depot was added to the National Register of Historic Places. MUSKOGEE to BOGGY DEPOT, INDIAN TERRITORY 1905 Postal History Cover TERRITORIALIt was 233764835772 Muriel H Wright - Boggy Depot - Oklahoma - Oklahoma Historical Markers on Waymarking.com. Middle Boggy Depot was, perhaps, the largest encounter during the expedition. Oklahoma Historical Society, 1953 It is one of the oldest and most historical burial sites in Atoka County and is within the confines of Boggy Depot State Park. 4684 South Park Lane Visit Atoka, Oklahoma, OK 74525 This marker is single-sided, and provides a thumbnail overview of the town's significance: Site of town noted for distinguished citizens in state history. Boggy Depot was the location of the first Chickasaw agency in the West and served sometimes as the capital of the Choctaw Nation from 1858 to 1860. [4], Some of the surviving members of Capt. Early Beginnings. Do not straggle or go away from the command; it is cowards only that leave their comrades in the face of the enemy; nearly all the men we get killed are stragglers. The Battle of Middle Boggy, also known as the 'Battle of Middle Boggy River or Battle of Middle Boggy Depot, took place on February 13, 1864 in Choctaw Indian Territory, 4 miles (6.4 km) south of what is now Allen in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. Boggy Depot is the debut solo album by Alice in Chains guitarist and vocalist Jerry Cantrell.The vinyl edition was released on March 31, 1998, and the CD was released on April 7, 1998 through Columbia Records. licensed under a Creative Commons We will surely win. [4] Col. Phillips reported that his soldiers had killed 48 Confederate soldiers and had taken no prisoners. He sent the cavalry soldiers south under Major Willetts in pursuit of the fleeing Confederates and seeking Gov. Depot got its start very early. "Battle of Middle Boggy: Phillips' Expedition of 1864 into Indian Territory. Now, the only remains of the original Boggy Depot are the small cemetery and a marker to indicate the Butterfield Mail and Stagecoach Line. Definitions of Boggy Depot, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Boggy Depot, analogical dictionary of Boggy Depot (English) ", Mullins, Jonita. Advancing down the Dragoon Trail toward Fort Washita, Union Colonel William A. Phillips sent out an advance of approximately 350 men from the 14th Kansas Cavalry (led by Maj. Charles Willetts) and two howitzers (led by Captain Solomon Kaufman) to attack a Confederate outpost guarding the Trail's crossing of Middle Boggy River. The 14th Kansas Cavalry immediately charged, throwing the Confederates into confusion. Historic Boggy Depot Park, located in Atoka, provides a refreshing, restful place for campers to enjoy the beauty of southeastern Oklahoma. When the reinforcements failed to arrive, Phillips decided to proceed to the Middle Boggy, a tributary of the Red River. [5], The Confederate outpost was very near the point where the Dragoon Road crossed the Middle Boggy. the time has now come when you are to remember the authors of all your sufferings; those who started a needless and wicked war, who drove you from your homes, who robbed you of your property. Muriel H Wright - Boggy Depot - Oklahoma. The force represented three companies of the 14th Kansas Cavalry,[1] a battalion of Kansas Infantry and two regiments of the Indian Home Guard, supported by howitzers from the 3rd Regiment of the Indian Home Guards. Boggy Depot is the debut solo album by Alice in Chains guitarist and vocalist Jerry Cantrell.The vinyl edition was released on March 31, 1998, the CD was released on April 7, 1998 through Columbia Records; the album was named after the ghost town of the same name in Oklahoma, where Cantrell's father grew up.In addition to singing, Cantrell played guitar, clavinet and steel drums on Boggy Depot. Boggy Depot sat on land between the Muddy Boggy and Clear Boggy rivers. I take you with me to clean out the Indian Nation south of the river and drive away and destroy the rebels. Captain Stephen Wattles commanded the 1st Indian Home Guard Regiment (mostly Creeks and Seminoles) and the 3rd Regiment (mostly Cherokees) was led by Major John H. Foreman. The land was low and marshy, thus giving the town its name as a “boggy” supply depot. Soldiers! (Boggy Depot park is about 4 miles south of this location), Creative Commons Boggy Depot State Park is about 4 miles south of this marker. "[3], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}34°19′12″N 96°18′29″W / 34.319976°N 96.30814°W / 34.319976; -96.30814. Boggy Depot Park received its name from Clear Boggy Creek and was originally used as a depot for the Chickasaw and Choctaw people as they arrived in Indian Territory during the removal. We have always beaten them. During Col. John F. Phillips’s Indian Territory expedition, he and his men fought with and dispersed numerous Confederate forces. It is one of the oldest and most historical burial sites in Atoka County, and is within the confines of the Boggy Depot State Park. 1st house built 1837 by Cyrus Harris, later Chickasaw governor. The Confederates retreated 45 miles (72 km) southwest down the Dragoon Trail. Fort Holmes was originally established in 1834 at the mouth of, Messer, Dr. Carroll. Boggy Depot State Park is about 4 miles south of this marker. No longer a state park, Boggy Depot Park is under the care of the Chickasaws today. Those who are still in arms are rebels, who ought to die. Later Choctaw capital and overland mail stage stand to San Francisco (1858-61). FOR SALE! Directed by Mark Ellinger, Curt McDowell. The Battle of Middle Boggy sometimes called either Battle of Middle Boggy River or Battle of Middle Boggy Depot, took place on February 13, 1864 in Choctaw Indian Territory, 4 miles (6.4 km) south of what is now Allen in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. Boggy Depot is a ghost town and Oklahoma State Park that was formerly a significant city in the Indian Territory. Local residents believed that the people buried here were all soldiers who had died during the Battle of Middle Boggy. [1] The outpost was about 12 miles (19 km) from Muddy Boggy Depot, which was held by the Confederates. The marker was replaced with a new and different marker in 2014. The Battle of Middle Boggy sometimes called either Battle of Middle Boggy River or Battle of Middle Boggy Depot, took place on February 13, 1864 in Choctaw Indian Territory, 4 miles (6.4 km) south of what is now Allen in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. Phillips chose this route because guerilla warfare had decimated the area along the Texas Road, and Phillips believed that there would be better forage along the Dragoon route. The next event will be February 15, 2015. Do not be afraid. It burned down on March 28, 1952. "The Confederate encampment here at Middle (or Muddy) Boggy Crossing on the Boggy Depot Road held by Lt. Col. John Jumper's Seminole Battalion, Capt. Word of Confederate forces riding in from Boggy Depot, 12 miles southwest, caused a hurried retreat of the Federal troops toward Fort Gibson, north. With Ainslie Pryor, George Kuchar, Kathleen Hohalek, Mark Ellinger. Boggy Depot Rough Sketch of the Vicinity of Boggy Depot, 1862 [not to scale and not geographically accurate] (image courtesy of the National Archives, Record Group 109, … [7], The Atoka County Historical Society celebrates the Battle of Middle Boggy with a reenactment every third year. It is enclosed by a chain-link fence, is very well kept and still in use. The dead were buried 1 mile north of Atoka, Oklahoma on the west side of Boggy River, and 100 yards north of Hwy. Service continued until the outbreat of the War Between The States. [D], On February 15, Phillips ordered his troops to burn Pontotoc Court House and all the Confederate and Chickasaw buildings in the town of Cochran. Nail's command retreated to Boggy Depot, abandoning the wounded on the battlefield. This cemetery was also a burial ground for travelers on the old Boggy Depot Road before the Civil War. View waymark gallery. Muscogees! [B] The expedition had four objectives: (1) establish Union Control over the Indian Territory, (2) offer amnesty to the Creek, Seminole, and Chickasaw Indians provided in President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of December 1863; sever Confederate treaties with the tribes and (4) gain new recruits. [4], The battle was a defeat for the Confederates. Carter was one of the first elected to represent Oklahoma in the U.S. Congress. The rest of the Chickasaw Battalion remained near Cochran to escort Chickasaw Governor Winchester Colbert's family from Pontotoc to Tishomingo. Boggy Depot Cemetery Atoka County, Oklahoma: Location - Directions: Located 10 miles west of Atoka, Oklahoma on Highway 7, and approximately 5 miles south. Home of principal Chief Allen Write. Boggy had a post office beginning in 1849, under William R. Guy, the first postmaster. South side of road just a little bit before the turn south to Boggy Depot park and the bridge. Site of town noted for distinguished citizens in state history. The area is now known as Boggy Depot Park and boasts a fishing lake, nature trail and campsites. [1], A cemetery, now called the Confederate Cemetery near Atoka, was established along the Butterfield Stage road before the Civil War. Atoka County was the site of Oklahoma's first Masonic Lodge chartered in 1869 at Boggy Depot, first chapter of Eastern Star, and first Catholic Church in … Fort Gibson, C. N., January 30, 1864. It now reads: ON THIS SITE LIE CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS WHO DIED IN BATTLE, FEBRUARY 13, 1864. He ordered Colonel Wattles to take command of the infantry and proceed to old Fort Holmes. The Boggy Depot Cemetery is located 10 miles west of Atoka on Highway 7, and about five miles south. Later, Boggy Depot Park was used as a Confederate commissary depot during the Civil War. Boggy Depot was home to many notable individuals in Chickasaw, Choctaw and Oklahoma history, including Chickasaw Charles David Carter and Choctaw Chief Allen Wright. Exploring Oklahoma History (blogoklahoma.us) Copyright © 2005-2021, K. Latham. Do not begin firing in battle until you are ordered. It grew as a vibrant and thriving town in present day Atoka County , Oklahoma , United States and became a major trading center on the Texas Road and the Butterfield Overland Mail route between Missouri and San Francisco . The information in the Oklahoma Historic Places Database is The Battle of Middle Boggy, also known as the 'Battle of Middle Boggy River or Battle of Middle Boggy Depot, took place on February 13, 1864 in Choctaw Indian Territory, 4 miles (6.4 km) south of what is now Allen in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. Stand by me faithfully and we will soon have peace. The collection also contains printed election returns (1930-1948) from Atoka County, Oklahoma. Later Chickasaw Governor. Boggy Depot's post office opened in 1849, and the local newspaper was the Choctaw and Chickasaw Observer. The demise of Boggy Depot began in 1872, when the M-K-T railroad bypassed the town and New Boggy Depot was established two miles south. [A] The Confederate force was led by Captain Jonathan Nail and composed of one company of the First Choctaw and Chickasaw Cavalry, a detachment of the 20th Texas Cavalry and part of the Seminole Battalion of Mounted Rifles. By the late 1830s, Boggy Depot centered the Choctaw/ Chickasaw Nation, served as a stop along. Fear of the arrival of fresh Confederate forces influenced the Federals to retire to Fort Gibson. A demented 'rural opera' in which a young woman falls in love with a guy who's been hypnotized into leaving his shorts on her doorknob, Fire slowly and never until you see something to shout at that you may hit. Boggy Depot, an important Choctaw town, was established in 1837 east of present Atoka on the Clear Boggy River. 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