Read more about this topic: Khufu, Family. 0 1. Egyptologists maintain that the Pyramid–and all pyramids in Egypt for that matter–was built as the eternal resting place of the Pharaoh. The Great Pyramid was built by the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. Other sources from much later periods sugg… How do you think about the answers? He was the first to build a pyramid in this area. Khafre's Family Life . Sign in. The building of the pyramid took approximately 23 years to complete. 2465 bce) of Egypt and builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza ( see Pyramids of Giza ), the largest single building to that time. Khufu, Greek Cheops, (flourished 25th century bce), second king of the 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. The son and immediate successor of Queen Hetepheres and King Snefru, the founder of the Fourth Dynasty (ca. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Khufu, Greek Cheops, (flourished 25th century bce ), second king of the 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. 0 0. Remains:Mummified, whereabouts unknown. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Khufu is credited with commissioning the building of the Great Pyramid at Giza, which is known as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. He was known to be the second most powe… 2613-2494 B.C. That's strange, isn't it? Khufu (reigned 2590-2568 B.C. I was born sneering. Khufu was a very rigorous ruler and forced men to work unpaid labor on this pyramid only for a very scarce amount of food. Born:c. 2620 BC. Omissions? Updates? Strange Americana: Does Video Footage of Bigfoot Really Exist? Khufu. Unlike his father, Khufu was remembered as a cruel and ruthless pharaoh in later folklore. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. His full name was Khnum-Khufu. Khufuwas the son of another great pyramid builder, King Sneferu. Although few written sources remain, it is known that Khufu was the son and successor of King Snefru and his queen Hetepheres and was probably married four times: to Merityetes, who was buried in one of the three small pyramids beside his own; to a second queen, whose name is unknown; to Henutsen, whose small pyramid is the third of the group; and to Nefert-kau, the eldest of Snefru’s daughters. He closed down many of the temples of Egypt, following the trend started by his father Khufu. Khufu’s wives were both buried around the great Pyramid … Gender:Male. HIs father was the Pharaoh, and he probably was born to the chief wife. Khufu was born to Queen Hetepheres I and Sneferu. He reigned during the period between 2547 and 2524 BC) Fourth dynasty, commissioned the work and his brother followed Hemienu them personally. Khufu (known to the Greeks as Cheops) was the second ruler of ancient Egypt’s fourth dynasty. This area was built by the King Bent pyramids, one located in the north of Dahshur and the so-called pyramid or the northern Red Pyramid. ), or Cheops, was an Egyptian king who built the Great Pyramid at Giza and ruled as the second king of the Fourth Dynasty.. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? Contemporary documents suggest that unlike his father he was not seen as a beneficent ruler and by the Middle Kingdom he is generally described as heartless ruler. It took about 2.3 million blocks weighing an average of 2.5 tons each to build this pyramid. Here is a man who built a huge monument, and yet left no record of his birthdate. When he was born King Khufu was living within the palace of his father King Bent in the south of Dahshur Pyramids of Giza. king khufu was a pharaoh of Egypt. Died:c. 2566 BC. The Great Pyramid of Giza was created under his rule. The son and immediate successor of Queen Hetepheres and King Snefru, the founder of the Fourth Dynasty (ca. The famous pyramid is the oldest and largest of the three ancient monuments in the Giza Plateau and is believed to have been constructed for the Pharaoh Khufu over a … It would be great to know more about him and his life. The pharaoh Khufu, known as the greek name of Cheops, is the alleged builder of its great pyramid . Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Some authors say it was between 2558 BC and 2532 BC. ), Khufu is perhaps better known by his Greek name, Cheops. Khufu >Khufu (reigned 2590-2568 B.C. This is due to large gaps in the ancient... See full answer below. Khufu’s Lineage. Little is known about Khufu, but his fame is assured by the tomb he built for himself: the Great Pyramid of Giza. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. ), Khufu is perhaps better known by his Greek name, Cheops. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty in Egypt. It is generally thought that Khufu came to the throne in his twenties, and reigned for about 23 years, which is the number ascribed to him by the Turin Papyrus. There is no agreement on the date of his reign. When Was King Khufu Born, and When Did He Die? There is only one statue left over from his rule, which is 3 inches tall and made out of ivory. Sphinx and the Great Pyramid of Khufu. In Ägyptisches Museum Georg Steindorff, Leipzig. and to have died in 2584 B.C., according to BBC History. Tamara B. Khufu (/ ˈ k uː f uː /, full name Khnum Khufu / ˈ k n uː m ˈ k uː f uː /, known to the ancient Greeks as Cheops; Old Egyptian: ḫw.f-wj; /χawˈjafwij/) was an ancient Egyptian monarch who was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, in the first half of the Old Kingdom period (26th century BC). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). ), or Cheops, was an Egyptian king who built >the Great Pyramid at Giza and ruled as the second king of the Fourth >Dynasty. His real name was Khnum-khuf meaning 'the god Khnum is his protection. and to have died in 2584 B.C., according to BBC History. 2613-2494 B.C. He was the one who was responsible for building the great pyramid that you can visit during your Cairo day tours.Here all information you need to know about King Khufu: The exact location of Khufu's birthplace are unknown, as are many other aspects of his life and reign. Khufu was born around 2589 B.C. Khufuwas the … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Herodotus’s story of Khufu’s prostitution of his daughter in order to raise money for his building projects is clearly apocryphal. It is definitely clear that Khafre was a son of Pharaoh Khufu, but his mother’s name could not be ascertained, due to the lack of any solid evidence. King Khufu is believed to have been born in 2609 B.C. Two of his sons, Redjedef and Khafre, succeeded him in turn. It is believed Khufu became Pharaoh while in his twenties. 1 decade ago. Khufu's reign over Egypt spanned more than twenty three years from 2589 BC through 2566 BC. When Was Khufu Born. and came to throne in his early twenties. Khufu’s reign and that of his son Khafre were represented by the Greek historian Herodotus as 106 years of oppression and misery, but this was belied by Khufu’s posthumous reputation in Egypt as a wise ruler. The name of the pyramid was also Akhet-Khufu, which means the “horizon of Khufu”, and the only entity known to be on the horizon is the sun god Re. Corrections? For the Old Kingdom the most characteristic form of tomb building was the true pyramid, the finest example of which is the Great Pyramid... For the Old Kingdom the most characteristic form of tomb building was the true pyramid, the finest example of which is the Great Pyramid of King. Khufu is credited with commissioning the building of the Great Pyramid at Giza, which is known as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Khafre was the son of King Khufu and succeeded the short-lived Redjedef, probably his elder brother. … Khufu was a very rigorous ruler and forced men to work unpaid labor on this pyramid only for a very scarce amount of food. Khufuwas born in 2589 BC - 2566 BC. Khufu's mothers name was Hetepheres. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The son and immediate successor of Queen Hetepheres and King Snefru, the founder of the Fourth Dynasty (ca. Khufu (reigned 2590-2568 B.C. Ancient Egypt: Khufu, whose full name was Khnum Khufwy, was the pharaoh who commissioned the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. According to most historians, he used conscripted labor, rather than slaves, to build the pyramid out of 2,300,000 blocks that weighed approximately 2.5 tons each. Kawab had a double mastaba with his wife the Princess Hetepheres II near his father's pyramid. He has ruled Egypt for about 4600 years ago. Khufu was the son of King Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres. The only known niece of Khufu was Nefertkau III, a daughter of Meresankh II. 2465 bce) of Egypt and builder of the Great Pyramid at Giza (see Pyramids of Giza), the largest single building to that time. In the Westcar Papyrushe is depicted as being keen to increase his own power and ensure the continued rule of his family, but is not as a particularly cruel monarch although he does offer the life of a criminal to test the skills in resurrection of a magician (which is often quoted as evidence that he was e… Khufu’s barque measures 43.5 metres (143 feet) long and nearly 6 metres (20 feet) wide and is still seaworthy today. Khufu, also known by his Greek name Cheops, was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt who is famous all over the world as the person who built perhaps the most famous structure in history.Khufu’s ship is also well known and he is the central character of literary masterpiece Papyrus Westcar.Here are 10 interesting facts about the life and legacy of King Khufu, the builder of the Great Pyramid. Although he was responsible for building the Great Pyramid of Giza, scholars do not have much information on Khufu himself. AKAKhufu. Cause of death:unspecified. Famous quotes containing the words family and/or tree: “ My family pride is something inconceivable. Khufu seems to have inherited a prosperous country from his father Snefru. Married to his half sister Hetephérés I, he had a first son, Khufu, then two other sons of a second wife, thereafter. When was Khufu born? There was a special coronation ceremony, when he was crowned, upon his father's death. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Khufu, Khufu - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty in Egypt. 2465 bce) of ancient Egypt and builder of the second of the three Pyramids of Giza. According to the Turin King List, Khufu reigned for 23 years. In fact, personal facts about Pharaoh Khufu are pretty scarce in general, which is too bad. Khufu was one of several children born to King Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres and had fifteen daughters and nine sons of his own, including his successor, Radjedef. Khafre was known to be a cruel and harsh ruler. Khufu was the 2nd pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty in the Old Kingdom. You can sign in to vote the answer. King Khufu’s Chief Chancellor was his nephew Hemiunu. ), or Cheops, was an Egyptian king who built the Great Pyramid at Giza and ruled as the second king of the Fourth Dynasty. King Khufu “2589-2566 BC“, whose name means Khunum protects me, was known as Cheops to the Greeks.He was an ancient Egyptian monarch, who ruled Egypt through the fourth dynasty during the 26th century B.C as a second king. Birthplace:Egypt. Other sources ascribe varying lengths: Manetho 65 years; Herodotus 50. No one knows when Khufu was born. Egyptian art and architecture: Pyramid of Khufu. Source(s): https://shrinke.im/a8Kgx. He married his sister Khamerernebti, Meresankh III, and perhaps Khufu is often described as a cruel leader. Scholars generally agree that Khufu ruled for nearly a quarter of … Khufu had a huge family, with two wives, Meritates and Henutsen, and twenty-four children, which were fifteen daughters and nine sons. View this answer. King Khufu succeeded his father and became the second king of Egypt in the 4thDynasty. The Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu or usually recognized by his Greek name Cheops ruled as the second pharaoh in Egypt during the Fourth Dynasty found on the Bible Timeline. We know that Khufu was the son of Snefru, the founding pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty. I can’t help it. 10 Must-Watch TED Talks That Have the Power to Change Your Life. One thing we do know is when he died: 2566 BC. He succeeded to the throne after his father died. Meritites (sometime written Meritiotes or Merytiotes) was the mother of the heir to the throne Prince Kawab. King Khufu is believed to have been born in 2609 B.C. It is generally acknowledged that the Great Pyramid of Giza, the only ancient wonder of the world still standing today, was built by Pharaoh Khufu of the Fourth Dynasty some 4,500 years ago. king khufu was a pharaoh of Egypt. Location of death:Egypt. Independent Picture Service/Universal Images Group/Getty Images. Khafre, fourth king of the 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. It was … How the COVID-19 Pandemic Will Change In-Person Retail Shopping in Lasting Ways, Tips and Tricks for Making Driveway Snow Removal Easier, Here’s How Online Games Like Prodigy Are Revolutionizing Education. Khufu had several sons, one of which, Djedefra, was his immediate successor. However certain facts are established, archaeologically speaking. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... 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